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Biden administration approves first 35 state plans to build out EV charging infrastructure

These states can now unlock more than $900 million in funding to help build EV chargers across approximately 53,000 miles of highway across the country

Washington, D.C.—The Biden-Harris Administration has announced more than two-thirds of Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Deployment Plans from states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have been approved ahead of schedule under the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program, established and funded by President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. 

With this early approval, these states can now unlock more than $900 million in NEVI formula funding from FY22 and FY23 to help build EV chargers across approximately 53,000 miles of highway nationwide. The NEVI formula funding under the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, which makes $5 billion available over five years, will help build a convenient, reliable, and affordable EV charging network across the country. Faster adoption of electric vehicles is a critical part of the nation’s climate goals, as transportation currently accounts for more than a quarter of all emissions. Approved Plans are available on the FHWA website, and funding tables for the full five years of the NEVI Formula program can be viewed here.

Prior to the approval, State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) were able to begin staffing and activities directly related to the development of their plans. After plan approval, states can be reimbursed for those costs and now have a wide range of options to use their NEVI Formula funding for projects directly related to the charging of a vehicle, which could include an upgrade of existing and construction of new EV charging infrastructure, operation and maintenance costs of these charging stations, installation of on-site electrical service equipment, community and stakeholder engagement, workforce development activities, EV charging station signage, data sharing activities, and related mapping analysis and activities. Proposed standards for EV charging require electricians working on EV charging infrastructure installation to be certified through the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program, a non-profit, industry-recognized training program.

The following 35 plans submitted by states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico make up the first group to have their NEVI EV Infrastructure Deployment Plans approved by the USDOT:

ConnecticutMinnesotaPuerto Rico
DelawareMississippiRhode Island
District of ColumbiaMontana South Dakota
KansasNew HampshireWashington
KentuckyNew MexicoWisconsin
LouisianaNorth Dakota 

The NEVI formula program is just one type of funding available to advance our electric vehicle future as part of President Biden’s economic agenda. Additional funding sources include:

  • The Inflation Reduction Act will bring down the sticker price of electric vehicles, providing Americans tax credits to purchase new and used electric vehicles, as well as making an additional $3 billion accessible to help support access to EV charging for economically disadvantaged communities through the Neighborhood Access and Equity Grant Program.
  • The CHIPS and Science Act will bolster U.S. leadership in semiconductors, providing $52.7 billion for American semiconductor research, development, manufacturing and workforce development. This includes $39 billion in manufacturing incentives, including $2 billion for the legacy chips used in automobiles.
  • Ten percent of the NEVI Formula Program is set aside each fiscal year for the Secretary of Transportation to fill gaps in the national network through discretionary grants.
  • The $2.5 billion Discretionary Grant Program for Charging and Fueling Infrastructure will ensure charger deployment meets the Biden-Harris Administration priorities, including equity commitments for increasing EV charging access in rural, underserved, and overburdened communities.
  • The cumulative $7 billion in funding to support an end-to-end domestic supply chain for domestic EV battery manufacturing is available through the Department of Energy. 

The Federal Highway Administration has reviewed State EV Infrastructure Deployment Plans in close coordination with the Joint Office of Energy and Transportation. It is working to approve all plans as quickly as possible. The remaining plans will continue to be reviewed on a rolling basis as the plan approvals are finalized. As a plan is approved, state DOTs will be able to access funding to develop their EV charging Infrastructure through the use of NEVI Formula Program funds.

FHWA is also working on related efforts to establish ground rules for how formula NEVI funds can be spent. FHWA published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on proposed minimum standards and requirements for projects funded under the NEVI Formula Program and plans to finalize that rulemaking expeditiously now that the comment period has closed. FHWA also proposed a Buy America waiver that will allow a short ramp-up period for the domestic manufacturing of EV charging; the comment period for the waiver proposal is open through September 30, 2022.

The Federal Highway Administration and the Joint Office of Energy and Transportation will continue to provide direct technical assistance and support to States as Plans are reviewed and approved, as well as throughout the lifetime of the NEVI Formula Program. For more information on the NEVI Formula program, please visit FHWA’s NEVI website and For more information on President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) and investments in electric vehicles, visit FHWA’s BIL website.

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